LPE Exercise 1.3: Establishing Conventions

Artist: Thomas Gainsborough (1727-1788) British

Title: Cornard Wood, near Sudbury, Suffolk (1748)

Size: 122 x 155 cm

Painted on spec and sold to a private collector

Artist: John Constable (1776 -1837) British

Title: Stratford Mill (1820)

Size: 127 x 182.9 cm

Painted on spec and sold to a private collector

Artist: Thomas Cole (1801-1848) American

Title: A Pic-Nic Party (1846)

Size: 122 x 137 cm

Private commission

Features shared by the above paintings

  • Co-existence of nature and civilisation
  • Hints of mortality with cut, dead trees in the foreground
  • Dramatic skies
  • People at work or play
  • Animals
  • Distant buildings
  • Horizon lines in the middle third of the painting
  • Water
  • Peaceful, idealised bucolic scenes
  • Use of light and shadows to lead to distant buildings or mountain
  • Painted for commercial reasons – either on spec to be sold at exhibition or for a private commission
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